Amazon Web Services

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Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a collection of remote computing services (also called web services) that together make up a cloud computing platform, offered over the Internet by The most central and well-known of these services are Amazon EC2 and Amazon S3.

Launched in July 2006, Amazon Web Services provide online services for other web sites or client-side applications. Most of these services are not exposed directly to end users, but instead offer functionality that other developers can use. In June 2007, Amazon claimed that more than 330,000 developers had signed up to use Amazon Web Services.

Amazon Web Services’ offerings are accessed over HTTP, using Representational State Transfer (REST) and SOAP protocols. All services are billed on usage, but how usage is measured for billing varies from service to service.

On April 20, 2011, some of Amazon Web Services suffered a major outage.

List of AWS services

  • Amazon AWS Authentication, an implicit service, the authentication infrastructure used to authenticate access to the various services.
  • Amazon CloudFront, a content delivery network (CDN) for distributing objects stored in S3 to so-called "edge locations" near the requester.
  • Amazon CloudWatch, provides monitoring for AWS cloud resources and applications, starting with EC2.
  • Amazon DevPay, currently in limited beta version, is a billing and account management system for applications that developers have built atop Amazon Web Services.
  • Amazon Elastic Beanstalk provides quick deployment and management of applications in the cloud.
  • Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) provides persistent block-level storage volumes for EC2.
  • Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) provides scalable virtual private servers using Xen.
  • Amazon Elastic MapReduce allows businesses, researchers, data analysts, and developers to easily and cheaply process vast amounts of data. It uses a hosted Hadoop framework running on the web-scale infrastructure of EC2 and Amazon S3.
  • Amazon Flexible Payments Service (FPS) provides an interface for micropayments.
  • Amazon Fulfillment Web Service provides a programmatic web service for sellers to ship items to and from Amazon using Fulfillment by Amazon.
  • Amazon Historical Pricing provides access to Amazon's historical sales data from its affiliates. (It appears that this service has been discontinued.)
  • Amazon Mechanical Turk (Mturk) manages small units of work distributed among many humans.
  • Amazon Product Advertising API formerly know as Amazon Associates Web Service (A2S) and Amazon E-Commerce Service (ECS), provides access to Amazon's product data and electronic commerce functionality.
  • Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) provides a scalable database server with MySQL and Oracle support.
  • Amazon Route 53 provides a highly available and scalable Domain Name System (DNS) web service.
  • Amazon Simple Email Service (SES) provides bulk and transactional email sending.
  • Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) provides Web Service based storage.
  • Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) provides a hosted message queue for web applications.
  • Amazon Simple Notification Service (SNS) provides a hosted multiprotocol "push" messaging for web applications.
  • Amazon SimpleDB, allows developers to run queries on structured data. It operates in concert with EC2 and S3 to provide "the core functionality of a database."
  • Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC), in limited beta, creates a logically isolated set of Amazon EC2 instances to be connected to an existing network using a VPN connection.
  • AWS Import/Export, accelerates moving large amounts of data into and out of AWS using portable storage devices for transport.
  • AWS Management Console (AWS Console), A web-based point and click interface to manage and monitor the Amazon infrastructure suite including EC2, EBS, Amazon Elastic MapReduce, and Amazon CloudFront.
  • AWS Simple Monthly Calculator helps you estimate your AWS monthly costs

WikiLeaks dispute

Amazon Web Services on December 1, 2010 announced it would stop hosting the website of WikiLeaks. Amazon stated the reason for this was that Wikileaks had violated Amazon's Terms of Service by hosting copyrighted content. Many news outlets including the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Huffington Post suggested that Amazon's actions demonstrated censorship. Amazon's statement on the matter is as follows: "our terms of service state that 'you represent and warrant that you own or otherwise control all of the rights to the content... that use of the content you supply does not violate this policy and will not cause injury to any person or entity.' It’s clear that WikiLeaks doesn’t own or otherwise control all the rights to this classified content. Further, it is not credible that the extraordinary volume of 250,000 classified documents that WikiLeaks is publishing could have been carefully redacted in such a way as to ensure that they weren’t putting innocent people in jeopardy".

See also

  • Azure Services Platform
  • Cloud computing
  • Rackspace Cloud
  • RightScale
  • Skytap

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Amazon Web Services,
which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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